How India is solving its water crisis ?
Water scarcity leading to water crisis is not a typical or common , even in countries with ample water resources . So let’s talk various steps that can be taken to save future water crisis in india.
Chief Cause/Reason :
It is obvious that climate-change , together with human factors , is increasingly depriving humans specifically children of their right & not only children but all animals to have access to safe water & sanitation .
This may be because of a number of issues , such as crumbling infrastructure & distribution systems , contamination , conflict , or scanty management of water resources .
Due to this water -crisis , even the whole world could be facing many drawbacks in coming years like :
- For at least one(01) month every year , four billion people—nearly two-thirds(2/3rd) of the world’s population —experience severe/deadly water crisis .
- More than 2 billion people residing in those nations where they are living/residing with insufficient/scanty water supplies .
- By as early as 2025 , half of the world’s population maybe residing/make their living in regions with scarce water supplies .
- By 2030 , severe water scarcity maybe forcing/compelling approx. 700 million people to relocate .
- Around one(01) in every four(04) children will reside in locations with extremely high water stress globally by the year 2040 .
Furthermore, many nations & big cities throughout the world , both rich and poor , suffered an expanding water crisis in the twenty-first(21st) century as a result of population growth , wasteful use , rising pollution , & changes in weather patterns caused by global-warming.
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Indian situation/scenario of water crisis
Coming to water crisis in India, we all must be aware that Water is the driving- force behind all life on this planet . India contains ~4% of the world’s water resources , yet it became water-stressed from the year 2011 .
According to a 2018 NITI Aayog study , India is experiencing the most severe water crisis/water scarce in its history , with about 600 million people without having proper access to clean water.
According to the analysis , 21 cities , including Bangalore, Delhi , Hyderabad, & Chennai, probably depleted their groundwater resources during 2021 .
Agriculture is the India’s largest consumer of water stock .
Groundwater resources meets around 80-90 percent of potable drinking water demands in rural India. The GroundWater levels in India fell more than 60 per cent between 2007-2017, with over 90 per cent of the extracted water being utilized in agriculture which is a worrying matter .
According to an independent research by the Bharatiya Agro Industries Foundation in 2014 , rain-fed agriculture accounts for 70 per cent of all farmlands in India. Despite this , 65 percent of the total rainfall is lost to the sea.
Water contamination is another form of water stress, resulting in health-care collateral losses. Cities house 36 percent of India’s population yet are responsible for 70% of water pollution.
There is an urgent need/requirements to address the management of Water in India because:
- Because water distribution is unequal, significant regions of India continue to be poor in both rainwater & groundwater.
- Uneven distribution/supply of water around the country , the majority of the population faces water-shortage/crisis .
- The demand for water in cities exceeds the supply. Furthermore , conserving water will assure the supply of clean water for future generations.
This may be accomplished by ensuring that an ecosystem’s fresh water use does not exceed its natural rate of renewing/replenishment .
- Water is necessary to irrigate crops in India since rainfall is mainly seasonal . Water safeguards the environment & wildlife .
- Additionally, saving water saves energy. Example , by adopting water & energy-efficient smart appliances, one can help cut water use while also saving electricity.
- Less intake of water keeps more water in the ecosystem & aids/supports in protecting wetlands & habitats for plants , wildlife , & aquatic life. It is especially significant/important during the dry weather seasons .
- The extraction of fresh water from ice-bergs has expanded dramatically/unexpectedly in recent years. Water consumption has increased significantly/important , with the increase in the requirement/need for water-based power generation .
- According to a report titled ” Composite Water Management Index(CWMI) ” published by NITI Aayog in June 2018 , India was experiencing the worst water- crisis in its history ; nearly six hundred(600) million people were experiencing/facing high to extreme water stress/crisis ; & approx. 200,000 people loses their lives each year due to insufficient/inadequate access to safe water .
- According the findings of the research, India was ranked 120th out of 122 nations in the water quality index(WQI) , with roughly 70% of the water being polluted.
- It predicted that by 2030, the country’s water demands will be double the present supply, suggesting acute shortages for hundreds of millions of people & a loss in GDP .
- According to the most current Central Ground Water Board statistics (from 2017), 256 of India’s 700 districts indicated ‘ critical ‘ or ‘over-exploited’ groundwater levels .
- India has surpassed the United States as the world’s largest extractor of groundwater, accounting for 25% of the total.
Almost 70% of our water sources are poisoned, & our major rivers are dying as a result of pollution.
With the advancement of technologies humans have moved forward with modern technologies rather than using traditional ones, few of the modern world water management techniques can be postulated as follows :
Rainwater Harvesting :
Rainwater collection is an extremely effective way of saving natural water & recharging groundwater levels. It is collected & allowed to percolate into a deep pit or reservoir in this technique of water conservation, where it seeps down & increases the groundwater table.
Water Metering :
Installing water meters & measuring the quantity of water used in residential & business facilities is another effective means of reducing water waste.
The amount of water utilized is calculated & charged in-line with the water expense/price . Always keep a check on your water-bills for unusually high utilization .
Grey Water Recycling :
Grey-water recovering is an environmentally -friendly way of collecting & recycling used & waste water from kitchen-sinks , dish-washers , washing machines , & showers for use in toilets , watering plants , & other purposes .
Environmentalists have demonstrated that adopting this recycling technique has reduced domestic water usage by more than 70%.
Pressure Reducing Valves :
In essence , a pressure-lowering valve adjusts the amount of pressure in a hydraulic-system. These valves ensure that a pre determined amount of water is utilized .
As a result , downstream water -system aspects/components survive longer , & water consumption is reduced . This is an extremely effective water-saving solution for industrial , residential, commercial, & institutional buildings .
Water Efficient Accessories :
Water-efficient toilet tanks , sometimes called as green-toilets , faucets , & novel shower heads have flooded the businesses/commercial market , lowering water utilization by up to 60 per cent .
Changes in water droplets falling patterns in taps & showers, as well as greater flushing pressure in toilets/water closets, are pushing the perimeters of water conservation without disturbing consumption habits. So these are the various steps can be taken to save future water crisis in india.
Reverse Osmosis(RO) Systems :
Desalination process is an efficient technique in treating the sea-water to secure pure potable water & is adopted in the countries where there are less or no fresh water sources like the Middle-East countries specifically. Desalination is a very efficient method of extracting fresh water from brackish salty water but their cost of set-up & products becomes very high because of which they are not prevalent right now.
But Reverse Osmosis(RO) technique on the other hand , has revolutionized/changed the world with water sustainability. Reverse Osmosis(RO) is an influential/impacting, most convincing , most trusted/reliable, & a well-demonstrated innovation in the world of water which is able to deliver water that is appropriate for the large modern applications , domestic & commercial along with the industrial purposes/needs that require demineralized or deionized , purest form of water .
Reverse Osmosis(RO) currently being the most reliable , cost-effective , & accepted technology all around the industries of the world for cleaning water .
From all these analysis/consideration , we can conclude that water is very crucial to every creature living on this planet Earth . Water being a finite resource must be treated in a sustainable way as a resource not as a commodity that we utilize and throw in garbage .
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They can actually assist you , & help you in determining/make decisions for which type of treatment plant is most suited to your desired requirements .
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They provide their consumers the deserving quality of life by getting the desired & best grade of water to be utilized for drinking , bakeries , & other various commercial & industrial requirements . So these are the Various Steps Can Be Taken To Save Future Water Crisis In India and it can help us save water for future.